Pearl jewellery by Juwelier Oberleitner
Logo Pearl Jewellery by Juwelier Oberleitner

Pearls in unique finishing by your Wiesbaden jeweller

Countless myths surround the creation of pearls, and it is no surprise that in earlier cultures the fascinating objects were referred to as 'tears of the gods'. According to Polynesian legend, the pearl mussel was given to the people of Oro – the god of peace and fertility – who came down to earth over a rainbow. This may not be entirely true, but we are pleased to be able to bring you closer to our fascination for these wonderfully shimmering natural products at Juwelier Oberleitner.

Pearls – the classic beauties  

Pearls are a fascinating gift of nature. Pearl necklaces are always unique objects and also the cultured pearls are products of nature. In 2012, French archaeologists found a pearl from around 5,500 BC in a grave in the United Arab Emirates. This find alone confirms the long tradition of pearls worn. They are among the first pieces of jewellery that humans have created. Pearls have always had mystical or symbolic significance. In China they stand for wealth, wisdom and dignity, in Japan for happiness and in India they symbolize the wealth of children. The pearl was considered an aphrodisiac and a remedy for melancholy and madness. The Chinese believed that moonlight alone had the power to make pearls grow. The ancient Greeks went one step further, believing that pearls were formed at night, while the oyster opened at the top collects the dew of the moon. The Romans attributed pearls to the foam-born Venus. In the Middle Ages, pearls were regarded in our latitudes as a sign of love for God, which, along with pearls, is one reason for pearl embroidery with river pearls from this period.

The most famous pearl area was the Persian Gulf. Governed by changing rulers, the deposits were a source of immense prosperity and power. Alexander the Great connected with his expedition not only the Occident with the Morning –he also brought the Pearl to Europe. The possession of valuable pearls was a long privilege of the nobility, but with the incipient division of the empire among the citizens, the possession of pearls also spread across the estates. The desire to possess pearls gradually exceeded nature's supply. So man slowly and timidly began the attempt to breed pearls. About 120 years ago there were first promising breeding results in Japan.

The first cultured pearls had an unsatisfactory luster, were fragile and unsuitable for trade. This did not change until the 1920s. At this point in time, the breeding pearl found its way into the European and American markets. In the beginning, the cultured pearls caused a stir: How should they be classified? Were the 'real' pearls or imitations? How should they be priced? Without the regulated classification of today, they were initially described as 'genuine pearls, of new origin'. Around 1924 the term ›cultured pearl‹ or ›cultured pearl‹, which is still in use today, became common. Through continuous improvement of the breeding methods, both the quality and the quantity were improved. But success does not always necessarily produce success. The lucrative business of the 1950s eventually led to overproduction, which generally reduced the monetary value of the pearl.

Pearls flatter the wearer inside and they are changeable. A pearl must fit the type of the wearer, the skin colour, the complexion, the hair colour and above all the colour of the eyes. The design can also later be adapted to one's own changed taste and changing trends. Pearls can also be excellently combined with precious metals such as gold or platinum, but also with coloured stones. Today there are hardly any natural pearls left on the market. Most of them are cultured pearls or cultured pearls. With an experienced hand, a foreign body is cleverly implanted into a healthy, mature shell or oyster. Then the mother­mussels are normally cultivated in a natural environment for up to three years.

At Juwelier Oberleitner we exclusively stock natural-coloured and untreated South Sea cultured pearls and Akoja cultured pearls. Through best contacts to the world­markets we are also able to find absolute rarities for you. Feel free to ask us!

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